Gum Arabic

Gum Arabic is a complex mixture of polysaccharides and glycoprotein that is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. It is edible and is a key ingredient in traditional lithography, used in:

- Printing.
- Paint production.
- Glue.
- Food (sweets, chocolates,….etc.)
- Soft drinks (Coca-Cola, Pepsi)
- Medical industry (Capsules shells)
- Cosmetics and various industrial applications, such as viscosity control in inks and textile industries, and more a lot where this is not the place to give the details of uses.

And more a lot.

Sudan is still the greatest producer of gum Arabic in the world, obviously more than 70% (Wikipedia) of the grade 1 gum Arabic (Acacia Senegal –known in Sudan as Hashab) & grade 2 (Acacia Seyal-known in Sudan as Talha) comes from Sudan, which is the real best quality definitely.

640px Gum_Arabic

Gum Arabic - Photograph by Tarig A. Eltom, CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Comparison of Gum Arabic Producing (Sudan / Other Countries)

SUDAN OTHER COUNTRIES
1. Uniform stands of monoculture of the right speciesin large tracks. 1. Mixed species in patches.
2. Well-experienced producers, tappers, collectors, cleaners and graders. 2. Lack of experience in all fields.
3. Land tenure settles – recognized private ownership. 3. Serious land tenure problems, Gum is produced in the nomads land.
4. Producers are mainly settled agriculturists. 4. Producers are mostly nomads not interested in Gum development.
5. The stable system of Gum cultivation cycle is practiced in many areas. 5. Over – exploitation and cutting of trees through shifting cultivation is practiced.
6. Development of Gum Projects at all levels. 6. Lack of serious development projects.
7. Produces 85% – 90% of world production. 7. Produces 10% – 15% of world production
Hashab Gum Arabic

Hashab (acacia Senegal), © 2016 All rights reserved, Optric trading & development co. ltd.

Types of Gum Arabic

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